Here's a checklist of the vaccines that are routinely offered to everyone in the UK for free on the NHS, and the ages at which they should ideally be given.
If you're not sure whether you or your child have had all your routine vaccinations, ask your GP or practice nurse to find out for you. It may be possible to "catch up" later in life.
Try to make sure you or your child have vaccinations delivered on time to ensure protection. If you're going to be away from the GP surgery when a vaccination is due, talk to your doctor. It may be possible to arrange for vaccination at a different location.
5-in-1 (DTaP/IPV/Hib) vaccine – this single jab contains vaccines to protect against five separate diseases: diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough (pertussis), polio and Haemophilus influenzae type b (known as Hib – a bacterial infection that can cause severe pneumonia or meningitis in young children)
Pneumococcal (PCV) vaccine
Men B vaccine
5-in-1 (DTaP/IPV/Hib) vaccine, second dose
Men C vaccine
Rotavirus vaccine, second dose
5-in-1 (DTaP/IPV/Hib) vaccine, third dose
Pneumococcal (PCV) vaccine, second dose
Men B vaccine second dose
Hib/Men C booster, given as a single jab containing meningitis C (second dose) and Hib (fourth dose)
Measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine, given as a single jab
Pneumococcal (PCV) vaccine, third dose
Men B vaccine third dose
2, 3 and 4 years plus school years one and two
Children's flu vaccine (annual)
From 3 years and 4 months (up to starting school)
Measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine, second dose
4-in-1 (DTaP/IPV) pre-school booster, given as a single jab containing vaccines against diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough (pertussis) and polio
12-13 years (girls only)
HPV vaccine, which protects against cervical cancer – two injections given between six months and two years apart
3-in-1 (Td/IPV) teenage booster, given as a single jab and contains vaccines against diphtheria, tetanus and polio
Men ACWY vaccine
19-25 years (first-time students only)
Men ACWY vaccine
65 and over
Flu (every year)
Pneumococcal (PPV) vaccine
70 years (and 78 and 79 year-olds as a catch-up)
Vaccines for special groups
There are some vaccines that aren't routinely available to everyone on the NHS, but that are available for people who fall into certain risk groups, such as pregnant women, people with long-term health conditions and healthcare workers.
Additional ones include hepatitis B vaccination, TB vaccination and chickenpox vaccination.
There are some travel vaccines that you should be able to have free on the NHS from your local surgery. These include the hepatitis A vaccine, the typhoid vaccine and the cholera vaccine. Other travel vaccines, such as yellow fever vaccination, are only available privately. Find out more from our section on travel vaccines.